Are we going through the worst pandemic?

Hi there.

How are you doing in this on-going pandemic? Good? Not good?

But the question is, really! Is pandemic still going on? Well, actually yes. Mostly the risk of the mass deaths has ended but pandemic is still there. But still , it took about three years before we can enjoy freely without any masks, many oxygen cylinders, any medicines and what not.

However, do you believe that this is the scariest pandemic that humans have gone through? If yes, then my friend, you are WRONG.

I remembered a funny thing I read that pandemics always have a hundred-year gap. An example was given of the pandemic of 1920. Yes, I am talking about the Spanish flu. And similarly to that, before it was another pandemic a century ago i.e., 1820.

However, this is not entirely true. I mean, there was a pandemic near to it, in around 1829, the cholera pandemic. But there were no centuries difference between pandemics. If you will turn the history pages, you will see that in every century, there are numerous pandemics and millions of deaths. So, yeah, you may not like it reading and I don’t like it saying, and I am definitely not a witch if I become true, but this may not be the only pandemic of the 21st century.  

But don’t be scared. Actually, consider yourself lucky because we have gone through one of the easiest, if not the easiest, pandemic ever. Do you know why am I saying this? Because I am insane. No 😅. Well, just let me give you an example, ‘Black death’.

Black death, was the biggest and the worst pandemic this earth could have ever faced.

It had occurred during the period of 14th century and it had killed a staggering number of 200 million people (In reality, we can’t know the exact number and have figured out only the range which is 75-200 million).

Can you imagine how big is that? It is bigger than the world wars where in WW1 around 16 million people had died and in WW2, around 60 million. This is the reason it is also called ‘the Great Mortality’.

But what was it?

Black death was a bubonic plague, that had occurred from 1346 to 1353 AD. It had affected mainly Europe and affected the 60% of Europe’s population of that time, estimated by Ole Jørgen Benedictow in his book The Black Death 1346-1353: The Complete History.

But what is bubonic plague?

  • Bubonic means swollen lymph nodes (buboes) in areas like armpit, neck or groin.
  • Plague is, the infection caused by bacterium Yersinia pestis. It’s get carried by flea insect.

What happens in it?

The buboes that are formed becomes large, nearly to a size of chicken eggs, and starts oozing out.

Symptoms

  • Sudden onset of fever
  • Pain in those lymph nodes
  • Body or muscle pain
  • Headaches

There are further two classifications.

Septicemic plague

When the bacteria enter into blood stream and multiplies there.

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Disturbed GI – Abdominal pain, diarrhea (bloody), nausea or vomiting
  • Excessive weakness
  • Bleeding under skin forming tiny blood clots due to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) or through openings such as mouth, nose or rectum
  • Septic shock due to dangerously low blood pressure
  • Tissue death (gangrene) leading to black distal parts such as fingers or toes

Pneumonic plague

Rare and can spread through air droplets infecting many people in close contacts.

Symptoms

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Cough
  • Fever or weakness
  • Headache

How did the pandemic end?

Well, a more accurate phrase would be, has the black death ended?

And the answer is no. It is still not completely eradicated. It is still a feared outcome as in 2017, it was reported in Madagascar. The people died were 200 in numbers with more numbers of people infected.

Why does it still occur?

It happens because their ability to resist drugs.

So, how did our predecessors save themselves?

We don’t have a genuine answer but can answer it through many theories. One of the theories says about the practice that we had to follow in this pandemic i.e., quarantine and isolation.

And as the medical advancements started to occur, the people started to develop methods to treat them instead of waiting for death believing it to be the god’s punishment.

And today we have drugs such as ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, gentamicin etc.

So, do you still believe it is the worst pandemic yet?

If still yes, then wait for the upcoming years, I can sense something sinful in the wind. Just kidding. I seriously don’t know when the next pandemic will occur. Maybe we will get wiped out by the 6th mass extinction as it’s happening even right now.

So, I hope you know now that we are lucky living in this modern time.

Later.

Published by signaturedoctor

I am a doctor-to-be pursuing my medical studies. I want to share my knowledge to fellow medical students and to other interested people.

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